Bhutan is a small independent kingdom in the Himalayas lying between Tibet and India, with a recorded avifauna of over 616 species. Only recently has it begun to open up to visitors. Over 72% of the land is still forested and 26% of the land is protected as National Parks. It is an ideal place to see a wide variety of birds that are impossible or difficult to see anywhere else. Unlike the other Himalayan countries, which suffer from much deforestation and environmental degradation, Bhutan’s richly diverse and beautiful forests are some of the best remaining forest habitats in the Himalayas – so much so that the country is considered to be the most important part of the high bio-diversity conservation hotspot known as the Eastern Himalayan hot-spot.
Bhutan is positioned at the junction of migrating birds and animals and is a treasure house for those who wish to discover different species of flora and fauna. The two distinctive climatic conditions, tropical rainforests in the south and the alpine in the north have permanent residents of many fauna and some are yet to be named.
Because of the lack of specialist in the field of flora and fauna, few thin books are available but not enough have been said and very few details. Of the few species that are unique to Bhutan are rhododendron kesangiai and Bhutanense and sixteen species of globally endangered birds.
Buddhism and nature are often considered as partners and the elements that are supporting the living beings are interdependent, the government of Bhutan has given a priority to preserve environment and received a medal from the UN for preservation in 2004.
Bhutan is visually and environmentally stunning and it is a living art. The difference of elevations from 250 mts in the south to more than 7500mts in the north are home to those migrating birds and animals and the nature is still intact today.
This has created an asset of environmental alcove to which local plants and animals have adapted in a remarkable number and variety of ways and still flourishing. There are, more than 54 species of rhododendron, 770 species of mushrooms, 660 species of birds have evolved, considering the size of the country as same size as Switzerland. Bhutan is a dwelling for exotic mammals such as takin (a large, musk-ox-like animal), clouded leopards and red pandas. Bird species range from the cutia and boreal owl to the tiny black-throated parrotbill. Bhutan is a country full of natural wonders where people and nature live in harmony and respect each other.